Welcome to the FES Office Romania
Democracy and the State of Emergency
FES asked experts, political scientists, sociologists, and political analysts, to write reports on the response of the governments to the corona crisis and their effects on democratic institutions and public life. The reports cover the situation of “Democracy and the State of Emergency” in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia. Today we are publishing the second edition in this series:
Democracy and the State of Emergency- Political Battles Emerging from the Corona Crisis in the Western Balkans, Croatia, and Slovenia http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/belgrad/16213.pdf
FES Study: Russia’s ‘Generation Z’: Attitudes and Values 2019/2020
What are the concerns of the youth of Russia? What is the attitude of the country’s latest generation, which has little or no memory of the Soviet Union? How does a young person, influenced mainly by the turbulent 1990s and the upswing in the 2000s, think about Russia and the world – especially in light of increasing de-democratisation and already more than 5 years of confrontation between Russia and “the West”? The Levada Centre, commissioned by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, has attempted to answer these questions through a representative survey, conducted in mid-2019, of 1500 young Russians between the ages of 14 and 29, supplemented with focus groups. The results of the survey are available here: http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/moskau/16134.pdf
The Cooperative Security Initiative
The FES Regional Office for Cooperation and Peace in Europe (based in Vienna) and GLOBSEC (based in Bratislava) launched in June 2019, with the support of Slovakia’s Chairmanship of the OSCE, the Cooperative Security Initiative (CSI). The Initiative is designed to generate ideas and shift momentum in favor of cooperative security and multilateralism through the OSCE in order to build a safer Europe.
The Initiative is composed of experts from all OSCE regions, headed by a Chair. Experts have been chosen in their personal capacity, based on their expertise in issues of European security and their demonstrated interest in cooperative security, as well as their institutional affiliation and networks. While care has been taken to finding a geographical balance, experts do not represent their countries per se.
Visit the survey (19 questions): https://de.surveymonkey.com/r/GKDL2RC
Answer only question 19 (Corona question): https://de.surveymonkey.com/r/RB8JDH9
More information can be found at: https://www.fes-vienna.org/projects/cooperative-security-initiative/
Webinar: Inequality in Education in Times of Pandemic. Challenges and Solutions
The Romanian Academic Society (SAR) and the Friedrich Ebert Foundation - Romania (FES) are pleased to invite you to take part in a webinar, Thursday, April 16, at 3:00 pm (UTH +3), which aims to discuss how Romania addresses the continuation of education during this period, especially from the perspective of ensuring equal access to online learning. We aim to analyze how the Ministry of Education has chosen to manage the situation, as well as to discuss with the participants potential solutions for the education act to continue in a fair manner for all students. Students, parents, teachers, representatives of the political and non-governmental environment, as well as any interested person are welcome to attend the event.
Prior registration is required for participation. Those interested can register here:https://zoom.us/meeting/register/tJcofuitrD4oHNH-5PIOtisoAsJrMGjYgQ0Q
For a just and fair society. Romania in the EU - FES Alumni Conference 2019
The new generations are facing a world that is both more complex to understand and more transformative. Our societies stand under the pressure of changes bursting from everywhere: economic, demographic, social, cultural and ecological game changers shape the world as we know it in an unprecedented fast-paced manner. Against this background, the FES Romania Alumni Conference 2019 set on to discuss in a three day event how to make these changes bring about a world that is just and fair and worth living in. The event took place in Bucharest on 11-13 October 2019. The program of the conference can be seen here: Conference Alumni 2019. A presentation of the panels and guest speakers can be found here: Panels presentation.
Political conditions and the situation of the trade unions
Global inequality continues to rise even though social inequality in Europe has recently declined to some degree and it's continuing to threaten Europe's social and political cohesion. In particular, youth unemployment is still at alarmingly high levels. The European trade unions are confronted with drastic shifts in performing their traditional power resources. Unemployment, precarious employment and the growth of social inequality present themselves as significant challenges. See what challenges the Romanian TU are facing in the new FES report - Trade Union Monitor for Romania here: https://www.fes.de/index.php?eID=dumpFile&t=f&f=39342&token=c74f2d2985cd79d439f6b0ec3a423d1d0e5c8948
FES Youth Studies Southeast Europe 2018/2019
“FES Youth Studies Southeast Europe 2018/2019” is an international youth research project carried out simultaneously in ten countries in Southeast Europe: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. The main objective of the surveys has been to identify, describe and analyse attitudes of young people and patterns of behaviour in contemporary society. The regional comparative study, as well as the study for each of the ten countries, are available in English and in the national language here: https://www.fes.de/jugendstudien-suedosteuropa/
Youth study Romania
It is often said that young people represent the future. Studying them is important because age is a powerful indicator for a wide range of beliefs, knowledge and behaviors. Moreover, adolescents and young adults tend to change more quickly when the external factors change. This is why it's important to know who are the young people of today in order to anticipate some of their lifelong behavior, and by adding up, the future of whole society. In 2018, the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) Romania conducted a sociological study on youth in Romania. The data was collected on a representative sample, with people aged 14-29 years from ten countries of Southeast Europe participating in the survey. The research covered a wide range of questions about the values and beliefs, as well as experiences and aspirations of young people in various fields, such as education, employment, political participation, family relationships, leisure and the use of information and communications technology. The study contains a comparison with other countries in the region, but also a similar study conducted by FES Romania in 2014. http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/bukarest/15294.pdf
What Germans expect from Europe - an FES study
Europe seems to be drifting apart economically and socially, as many feel that the EU fails to deliver on the promises of democracy, progress, and prosperity. Yet, a European Union that has a future means solidarity, rather than everyone competing against everyone else.
What is it exactly that Germans expect from Europe? To which extent do Germans agree to policies that lead to a more socially balanced EU? Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has surveyed eligible voters in Germany on their attitudes and expectations towards the EU and the results are presented in a study, which shows that there is a favourable, widespread agreement among the German public towards the EU. However, two out of three citizens voice their concerns for the need of reforms. In particular, Germans wish the EU was more focused on social policy.
Endangered rights: The impact of Brexit on EU citizens
After the informal EU summit in Salzburg a failure of the Brexit negotiations and a withdrawal of the UK without a deal is imminent. This situation also affects the rights of nearly 400,000 Romanians living in the UK. They find themselves since the referendum in 2016 in a state of uncertainty. Find out what can now be done in a new FES-study: http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/id/14683.pdf„Endangered rights: The impact of Brexit on EU citizens”: http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/id/14683.pdf
Training program for history teachers
The Friedrich Ebert Foundation - Romania, together with the Elie Wiesel National Institute for the Study of the Holocaust in Romania, announces the opening of the registration for the training program: "For an Active Democracy - Against Right Wing Extremism", a program for teachers of history in gymnasium and secondary.
This year, the program will be offered to a total of 60 teachers across the country, in two different modules, organized one week apart:
"For an Active Democracy - Against Right-Wing Extremism"
27-28 October 2018 and 3-4 November 2018, Sinaia, Prahova County
Details about the program and how to sign up can be found on our website: http://www.fes.ro/pages/democratie.php.
Equality Matters! - The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung together with the Center for Social Research Analitika, present a report on inequality in Southeast Europe
On the occasion of the Western Balkans Summit on May 17th, 2018 we would like to draw your attention to a new FES report on inequality in Southeast Europe (SEE).
Focusing on available data from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Serbia, the report shows that levels of income inequality tend to be among the highest in Europe. A major reason are the weak labor markets of the region, as being excluded from the labor market and working in precarious and informal jobs significantly contributes to inequality. Moreover, while social protection and tax systems are generally shown to offset inequality, progressive tax systems that would alleviate the tax burden on those who are worse off are largely absent in the region. Social protection systems do not sufficiently reduce inequality and poverty, primarily due to the low generosity and coverage of benefits. A lack of access to quality education in the region increases inequality of opportunity and outcome.
Despite inequality’s serious repercussions, governments in the SEE region have not devoted sufficient attention to this issue. Labor market policies of deregulation and flexibility have in fact increased precarious work and done little to lower unemployment. Social safety nets have been eroded through fiscal consolidation efforts. Looking at socioeconomic reforms formulated in light of countries’ EU accession prospects, the report argues that envisaged measures do not sufficiently address economic inequality.
To ensure that the root causes of inequality are addressed, the report argues in favor of multidimensional responses in the realms of education, employment, taxation and social policy, providing general recommendations on ways in which inequality in the region could be reduced.
A summary of the key messages and recommendations can be accessed: http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/sarajevo/14451.pdf
The full report is available http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/sarajevo/14452.pdf
Conference: "NATO and the West. A new Strategic Concept?", Bucharest, 17 April 2018
The mandate, purpose and direction of the North Atlantic Alliance are currently being scrutinized by the global community. Is the world order as we know it about to fundamentally be altered and entering a new stage? Is the Alliance prepared to deal with the ever evolving hybrid threats it is facing? These are just a few of the questions that have been addressed at a conference organized by Friedrich- Ebert-Stiftung Romania and the National School of Political Studies and Public Administration (SNSPA) on April 17th in Bucharest.
Starting point of the discussion was a recently launched FES-paper on "What Remains of the West? – Quo Vadis NATO?" authored by Helmut W. Ganser, Wulf Lapins and Detlef Puhl.
The speakers at the event included Stephan Meuser, Friedrich-Ebert- Stiftung (FES) Representative for Romania and the Republic of Moldova, Remus Pricopie, Rector of the National School of Political Studies and Public Administration; Detlef Puhl, Former Senior NATO Advisor; Brigadier General (ret.) Helmut W. Ganser, former official of the Ministry of Defence, Germany, Ana Tinca, Director for Strategic Policies, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Romania; and Gen (ret.) Mihail Ionescu, Director of the Institute for POlitical Studies of Defense and Military History (ISPAIM), Ministry of National Defense, Romania. The ensuing debate was chaired by Prof. Vasile Secares, Chairman of the NATO Partnerships Studies Center.
The event was the first in a series meant to prepare the Bucharest Security Conference that will take place this September in the Romanian capital. Dialogue and collaboration are the cornerstones for a secure North Atlantic Community. By facilitating these dialog formats on foreign and security policy, BSC Dialogues makes an important contribution to the consolidation of NATO position in this region.
The Democratic Potential of Emerging Social Movements in Southeastern Europe
FES is pleased to announce the publication of our latest edited volume, “The Democratic Potential of Emerging Social Movements in Southeastern Europe”, which examines the transformative potential of civil society mobilization across the Balkans and Europe’s Southeast. This is a timely intervention into the public and policy debate surrounding the future and methods of democratic governance in the region, and it is one we hope you will share widely: http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/sarajevo/13781.pdf
Annual Conference "Together against Trafficking in Human Beings"
FES-Romania together with the European Center for Legal Education and Research and with the support of the Embassies of Germany, Great Britain, Sweden, the Netherlands, Israel and the United States held the fourth edition of the national conference "Together against Trafficking in Persons" in Bucharest on 25 September 2017.
The meeting is the most well-known annual debate in Romania on organized crime for magistrates, police officers, labor inspectors and civil servants in local public institutions, as well as representatives of non-governmental organizations involved in combating the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings.
Details about the conference, program, speakers and presentations can be found here: https://communication.lpages.co/impreuna-impotriva-traficu.../
Rethinking Europe: A New Social Democratic Narrative - FES Alumni Conference 2017
The Western world is facing the biggest challenges in its political landscape since the fall of the Berlin wall. 2016 was the year of the referendum on #Brexit and across the Atlantic, where ultra-conservatives and radical right groups in America are celebrating the election to the White House of the billionaire Donald Trump, the populist wave celebrated a victory never seen before. For the first time since the end of the Second World War fundamental elements of the European security architecture are put openly under question, whereas in America and Europe the political discourse is no longer about bringing down barriers of any kind, but about building walls and fences again.
Meanwhile, in spite of the revelations that culminated with the Panama Papers scandal, the politics of big business, of uncontrollable and uncontrolled financial flows, and of deregulation continues. This is effectively done to the detriment of those who work to earn their living by hiding profits from the fiscal authorities, by lowering work and living standards, by externalizing production costs, thus putting heavier burdens on the shoulders of the many. The austerity policies imposed inside EU with the help of liberal and conservative forces did not restore the welfare and wellbeing of European citizens, but determined a chronicization of poverty and created additional tensions inside a European union already in trouble.
The 2017 FES Alumni Conference, that took place on May 5-7 2017, in Bucharest aimed to discuss about the way social democracy is responding to these tremendous challenges. What message sends the democratic left to its citizens and to the entire world? And what is needed to be done, not to surrender the world in the hands of the populists and neoliberals?